Unbelievable beauty! This is Salar de Uyuni in Bolivia, the largest salt flats in the entire world. It is even larger then some countries! Every year, this unbelievable landscape is covered with a thin layer of water. When that happens, it turns into the largest salt mirror on the planet and the results are amazing!
Salar de Uyuni is the world`s largest salt flat in the entire world. It is located in the southwest Bolivia and it is also an unbelievable sight. The Salar de Uyuni is a result of transformations between several ancient lakes. It has a few feet of salt crust covering it, which has an amazing flatness. The crust makes a source of salt and covers a pool of brine which is extraordinarily rich in lithium. It contains around 50 to 70% of the world’s lithium reserves.
Salt flats are actually ideal for calibrating the distance measurement equipment of satellites because they are large, also very stable surfaces with strong reflection, similar to that of ice sheets. As the largest salt flat on Earth, Salar de Uyuni is perfectly suitable for this. In the low rain period that goes from April to November, due to the absence of industry and its high elevation, the skies above Salar de Uyuni are very clear, and the air is really dry. It has a stable surface which gets so smooth by some seasonal flooding.
The Bolivia Salt Flats has another quite interesting attraction, a massive, antique train cemetery!
This graveyard sits just about two miles outside the city of Uyuni. It connects to it by the old, antique train tracks. Uyani once was a major distribution hub for trains carrying mined salt and miners from these flats. The train lines were created by some British engineers who hoped that Bolivia would grow with a good and also stable transportation system. Unfortunately, these plans fell through after constant attacks by the native Indians.